Security Technology Executive

JUL-AUG 2018

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JULY/AUGUST ACCESS CONTROL TRENDS AND TECHNOLOGY 2018 S-11 The Tipping Point Is Now In contrast to the video surveillance market, access control technology has historically been slow to change in large part because of the high upfront costs to acquire and install a system and the longevity of the equipment — common- ly between 12 and 20 years. End users and their need for open network-based infrastructures are driving recent chang- es in this market, as the line between physical security and IT continues to blur. Physical security systems are now often managed by IT departments and IT directors are rightfully demanding open architecture approaches (like IP networks) rather than the proprietary and sometimes duplicative design of traditional security systems. The drive to an open architecture approach has proliferated across many related industries, and today we see lighting, HVAC and other functions residing on the network as well, offer- ing businesses the option to minimize operating costs and to better control and monitor their facilities. This trend of hosting everything on an IP network clears a path for an Internet of Things, which in many respects is already here. The network can already transfer pieces of data from one system or device and correlate it with other data in analytics software programs, ulti- mately providing usable, actionable information to end users, aggregated from several systems such as video, audio, intrusion, voice and other sys- tems. Multiple network-based systems make things like intelligent building automation a reality, delivering cost sav- ings, keeping people and assets safer and reducing energy requirements. As one of the major platforms within a smart building environment, access control systems play a large role in this IoT scenario. When connected to other, seemingly disparate building systems using a common interface, this deeper interoperability enables increased productivity to the overall system. As a contributor to an intelligent building ecosystem, access control systems also serve as a repository of large amounts of data -- tracking people's movements for real-time facility population data or facility usage based on the day's meeting room booking schedule. The more data that is available within a system means the more quickly that adjustments can be made, further ensuring the security and efficiency of the building. When enabled with artificial intel- ligence, access control and other build- ing systems can begin to recognize pat- terns, anticipate events and behaviors and make proactive changes to the building environment, enabling its occu- pants to work more efficiently. Whether the temperature and lighting for a room are adjusted based on recognized pat- terns. A 10 a.m. meeting every Thurs- day on the fifth floor tells the system that the doors are unlocked in anticipa- tion of this recurring event. AI allows for systems to be smarter, more effective and provide additional costs savings by further reducing the administrative bur- den of the system. With so much data being fed into these management platforms, from AI technology or other more tradi- tional sensors, a stumbling block to true interoperability still remains. To effectively be able to harvest action- able information out of the received data, it has to be readable in a com- mon format. Data readable in only one proprietary ecosystem will jeopardize the idea of interchangeable informa- tion and further reinforce the silos that exist between the largest providers. Profile A could offer a solution for this in the future by providing users with that common interface and allow the market to continue to grow through interoperability and innovation. Profile A: A High Return on Investment Where it matters most Middle and smaller market manufactur- ers will likely find Profile A the most beneficial, as Profile A essentially lev- els the playing field between large and small manufacturers, eliminating the need for proprietary protocols between suppliers for communications between different components of a system. End users can, for example, choose spe- cialized, high-end access controllers and panels from one manufacturer to use with Profile A conformant access With the development and release of Profile A, ONVIF is making a long-term commitment to open access control systems in particular. control software that is perhaps lesser known but that provides what the end user needs when it comes to manage- ment and reporting. Another segment of the security market that will benefit from Profile A is the middle-market business that is growing and acquiring other smaller companies. As manufactur- ers continue to adopt Profile A into their products, Profile A conformant access control componentry will mean that a business doesn't have to rip and replace the Profile A conformant access control devices in the facilities that they've acquired. Instead, they can deploy and use their own pre- ferred management software in the newly acquired facilities using existing hardware. This can offer huge cost savings for businesses. It's also important to note that Profile A and other access control standards, such as the Security Industry Associa- tion's Open Supervised Device Protocol (OSDP) that allows access control hardware, such as card readers and control panels, to interface with each other, are not competing standards but are complementary. ONVIF Profile A and OSDP can coexist within the same access control ecosystem and can both provide benefits. This synergy between ONVIF Profile A and other standard interfaces allow end users to implement technology driven by their specific needs, rather than by a single standard or proprietary brand approach.

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