Security Technology Executive

SEP-OCT 2018

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50 SECURIT Y TECHNOLOGY E XECUTIVE • September/October 2018 • www. PERIMETER SECURIT Y lowers security expenses. With some salaries reaching six figures for a 24-hour security guard, it can be difficult for utili- ties to accommodate the expense in their budget. However, a perimeter solution with radar, video and deep learning tech- nologies can detect, track and make deci- sions on a target without human inter- vention. By also filtering out nuisance alerts, the odds of security guards and the police being dispatched for false alarms is greatly reduced. This saves time, money and key resources while also allowing the perimeter solution to act as a force mul- tiplier for a utility's security personnel. Another cost - saving advantage of radar is the fact that it does not require a lot of storage space for needless data. Other surveillance technologies, such as video cameras, require constant recording that must be stored, only to be utilized when an incident occurs. This requires substantial storage in the cloud or on physical servers, which can quickly eat into security budgets. On the other hand, radar only records upon a target detec- tion, freeing up storage space and band- width simultaneously. An Effective Option No longer is radar primarily a solution for governments and militaries. Radar technology has been making leaps and bounds within recent years, allowing its functionality and price point to match perfectly for the industrial markets. With all condition performance, wide coverage, and low total cost of ownership, it has positioned itself as an attractive offering for perimeter protection systems. total darkness. On the other hand, ther- mal cameras can be affected by severe weather such as heavy rain. Substantial rainfall can reduce the recognition range of a tradition thermal camera from 320 meters to less than 100 meters. Addi- tionally, fixed thermal cameras mounted along the fence line can be limited in their coverage, providing a narrow field of view. In contrast, radar allows utility com- panies to comply with CIP-014, yielding optimal detection performance while keeping the total cost of ownership down. Unlike fiber optic fencing systems, a radar can be installed in just a few hours, mak- ing installations less labor intensive and keeping equipment costs to a minimum. With its wide area coverage, a single radar can easily replace 10 video motion detec- tion or thermal cameras. When deploying two or more radars, they can detect targets both along the fence line and inside the field, eliminating dead zones. While infra- red radiation is absorbed by water drop- lets, reducing the detection range of IR cameras, the radio frequency waves that radar utilizes don't "see" water droplets. In other words, rain and fog do not inhibit a radar's detection capabilities. Advanced Integrations and Deployment Another important characteristic of radar is that it can seamlessly integrate with systems and software to create a more wholistic perimeter security solu- tion. Through the video management system (VMS), radar can pair with pan- tilt-zoom (PTZ) cameras and video ana- lytics to enable security personnel to detect, track, watch, and analyze threats, all within mere seconds. Here is how it works. When the radar detects an object, it analyzes its movement to determine if it is an object of true concern or just sur- rounding wildlife running by. After filter- ing out nuisance alerts, the radar outputs the validated target tracks into the VMS, directly cueing a PTZ camera to the loca- tion of the target. As the PTZ camera fol- lows the target, security forces can watch a live stream for further threat assessment and verification. More advanced integrated solutions combine radar, video and deep learning About the author: Yaron Zussman is the General Manager of the A merica div ision of Magos. Founded in 2007 in Israel, Magos prov ides state- of-the-art radar solutions for power plants, data centers, oil refineries and critical infrastruct ure sites. W hen Magos launched its USA office in March 20 18, Zussman was appointed to spearhead the new div ision. Prior to his position at Magos, Zussman was the CEO of FST Biometrics A merica, and before that, V ice President of Sales- A mericas & Global Accounts at DV TEL. Zussman brings over 15 years of securit y experience. He can speak to radar technology in the securit y marketplace and its journey from the defense industry to the commercial market. technologies. Signals from the radar are analyzed alongside a video stream with deep learning classification soft- ware, allowing the solution to determine whether the target is a human or vehicle. Once the target is classified and validated, which all takes less than a second, the VMS will send an alert to security person- nel while simultaneously logging a record of the event. Some solutions are able to take it a step further by then deploying an autonomous drone to the target loca- tion for real-time response, using two-way audio capabilities to determine whether the individual is an employee or a suspect breaking and entering. When it comes to deploying radar, many external and physical factors should be considered. When looking to install radar onsite, it is best to work with a systems integrator with a proven track record of accurately assessing substation environmental conditions and effec- tively configuring radar solutions to fit the needs of the individual property. For example, depending upon the topography of the region, the radar may need to be mounted higher up on a pole to maxi- mize its elevation coverage. This allows it to capture movement from all relevant targets, whereas if the radar is placed too close to the ground, it may be blocked by structures or hills onsite. For best prac- tices and recommendations specific to your site, consult your integrator. Cost-Savings and ROI The defining advantage of radar for secu- rity directors is its ability to provide intru- sion detection for perimeter applications in a cost-effective manner. With a single radar able to reliably cover the same area as 10 cameras, security operators can save thousands of dollars in equipment costs alone. Low maintenance generates an additional cost- savings. Fixed radar allows security managers to drastically lower upkeep costs by utilizing technol- ogy with immobile parts, unlike rotating radar which incorporates moving pieces that require more maintenance. When deploying perimeter systems that utilize radar, the solution can effectively reduce the number of secu- rity patrol officers needed onsite, which

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